One of the most habitual injuries is esguince of ankle. And one of the main problems of the recovery is to think that as is a habitual injury, it is easy to rehabilitate. The reality is very different, to cure esguince of first and, coverall second degree, entails time, dedication and effort. We see, simplifying a little, as we can classify the gravity of esguince and the which serious treatment in one first instance. A classification based on the serious gravity: 1. Twist: A forced movement is realised that causes displacement of the ankle, normally inwards. There is pain that disappears quickly.
It does not exist important inflammation nor edema. Either hematoma. In one week or less it is fixed. 2. Esguince of first degree: Some of the ligaments of the part of within the ankle, or the one of of outside (with but frequency) is suffered of the forced movement and some of the fibers is injured that the ligament composes. Here it accustoms to having inflammation, edema and can appear hematoma. As minimum we will take fifteen days in recovering to us.
3. Esguince of second degree: The injury is but serious, there is more fibers of the injured ligament affected, some defeats. It appears an intense pain, swelling, edema and important hematoma. There is pain when moving, also when realising force and when leaning. It requires of days of rest and a planned and structured good rehabilitation so that they are not sequels. Before a month it is difficult to return to the activity in conditions. 4. Esguince of third degree: He is but the serious one of all. The ligaments break away from enemy, is breakage and the treatment is used to being surgical, or is immobilised with plaster hoping that the ligaments heal. Later one will come lasts rehabilitation, because we will have to fight against the effects of immobilization and also to replenish the force, mobility and propiocepcin of the joint. The first measures that there are to apply, are the degree that is, are the following: 1. To apply cold: Ice of indirect way during 20″. Several times to the day. With a minimum rest of two hours between application and application. 2. Bandage of the ankle with one sells elastic compressive. 3. To rest the joint, that rests and not to use it (not to support, to avoid to walk nor to be standing up ) 4. Elevation: To take advantage of the rest to maintain the foot with the lifted compressive bandage over the level of the heart, to favor the drainage.